Should Argentina Exercise Universal Jurisdiction over the Rohingya case?

Naomi Roht-Arriaza*

Versión en español aquí.

Judges listened attentively as Maun Tung Khin argued, in English, before an Argentine appeals court via videolink.  He reminded the judges of attacks on his community half a world away in Myanmar, carried out by military and paramilitary forces. Villages attacked, women raped, families forced to flee as their homes were burned; it is impossible to attain justice at home, he added.  The judges thanked him, as they considered whether Argentina should accept jurisdiction over the crimes committed against Khin’s ethnic community, the Rohingya.

On November 13, 2019, the Burmese Rohingya Organization (UK) brought a case to the Argentine courts alleging that military forces committed genocide and crimes against humanity between 2012 and 2018 against Rohingya communities.  The complaint recounted a history of discrimination, denial of citizenship and oppression, escalating after 2012 to include massive attacks on communities, killings, torture, mass rape and finally displacement of Rohingya communities.  Hundreds of thousands of Rohingya fled Myanmar into neighboring Bangladesh to escape the army. The complainants asked Argentina to hear the case against the leadership of the Tatmadaw (military) under the principle of universal jurisdiction.

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Venezuela at the International Criminal Court: A Guide to Understanding this Historic Issue

Access to Justice* 

Lee la versión en español aquí.

Victims of human rights violations, activists, government officials and the media were eagerly awaiting this day. The reason? It was expected that the outgoing prosecutor of the International Criminal Court (ICC), Fatou Bensouda, would announce whether she would continue investigating the crimes against humanity that occurred in Venezuela. However, the maneuvers of the Venezuelan Attorney General, Tarek William Saab, which included a request for judicial control, seem to have achieved their objective and delayed the pronouncement.

However, many people are not aware of the importance of the matter; therefore, Acceso a la Justicia (Access to Justice) believes this is an important opportunity to clarify some doubts.

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Interferencias indebidas a órganos de la justicia internacional: el reciente caso de la CPI

Michelle Reyes Milk*

El pasado 2 de septiembre, el mundo del Derecho Penal Internacional fue una vez más sacudido por un nuevo acto de intimidación contra la Corte Penal Internacional (CPI) por parte de la administración de Trump, esta vez dirigido a la más alta autoridad en materia de investigación: la propia Fiscal de la Corte, Fatou Bensouda. En concreto, a inicios de este mes, el Secretario de Estado de los Estados Unidos, Michael Pompeo, anunció que Estados Unidos tomaría una serie de medidas contra la Fiscal Bensouda y contra un integrante clave de su equipo, Phakiso Mochochoko, Director de la División de Jurisdicción, Complementariedad y Cooperación de la Fiscalía, que incluyen la imposición efectiva de sanciones contra dichos altos funcionarios, incluyendo congelamiento de sus activos y bloqueo de sus propiedades. Asimismo, se podrían adoptar sanciones contra otras personas que brinden apoyo material a las potenciales investigaciones contra nacionales estadounidenses.

La medida implementa la Orden Ejecutiva 13298 adoptada en junio de este año por el Presidente de los Estados Unidos, Donald J. Trump, denominada “Bloqueo de las Propiedades de Ciertas Personas Asociadas con la Corte Penal Internacional”, adoptada argumentando una amenaza contra la seguridad nacional y política exterior de los Estados Unidos, así como una emergencia nacional.

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