Social Protest: A Misunderstood Right

Relevant Aspects of the IACHR Report “Protest and Human Rights”

Javier A. de Belaunde*

The Office of the Special Rapporteur for Freedom of Expression of the IACHR published its report “Protest and Human Rights” in December 2019. It appears timely when massive demonstrations are being held in the streets and squares across the region. The reasons behind the demonstrations vary, but the response of most governments is common: repression and human rights abuses. Peaceful protest remains a misunderstood right. This report aims to correct this situation by defining the inter-American standards applicable to protest and denouncing the criminalization of protest as an anti-human rights process.

Seguir leyendo

Human Rights, Indigenous Peoples, and the Amazon: Remarks on the thematic report recently published by the IACHR

Cristina Blanco*

Versión en español aquí.

Ver aqui a versão em português.

It has been several decades since the Inter-American Human Rights System (IAHRS) began to address the situation of indigenous peoples in the region. The Inter-American Commission on Human Rights (IACHR), since the mid-1980s, and the Inter-American Court of Human Rights, since the beginning of the 2000s, have adjudicated complaints and addressed the historical problems faced by indigenous peoples, especially in claims related to their lands, territories, and natural resources. The decisions of both bodies have created solid standards, especially on the subject of indigenous peoples’ property, with a level of detail that has been incorporated into other international human rights systems.

But never, until now, had the IAHRS looked beyond the state borders that separate these peoples, to adopt a comprehensive view of the biogeographic regions that they share, as is the case of the Pan-Amazon region. Such an approach is key because within this territory they share elements of their history and cosmovisión (worldview), as well as a contemporary reality marked by multiple patterns of rights violations that require joint efforts. The Report on the Situation of Human Rights of the Indigenous and Tribal Peoples of the Pan-Amazon Region, which the IACHR presented a few days ago in Quito, Ecuador, is therefore both groundbreaking and timely.

Seguir leyendo

Elections for the Inter-American Commission on Human Rights: A Line States Should Not Cross

Versión en español

Christian De Vos and Liliana Gamboa*

When states from across the Americas convene next week for the 49th General Assembly of the Organization of American States (OAS), they will face a solemn task: electing four commissioners to the seven-member Inter-American Commission on Human Rights, the region’s premier human rights monitoring and protection body. The problem? For the first time in the recent memory, there are not enough qualified candidates to elect. Seguir leyendo

First impressions on the Draft Optional Protocol to the Human Rights and Business Treaty

Gabriela Kletzel, Andrés López Cabello, and Daniel Cerqueira*

Originally published in ESCR-Net.

Lea la versión en español aquí.

At first glance, the zero drafts of the Legally Binding Instrument (LBI) and Optional Protocol (OP) raise serious doubts as to whether they add value to the effort of making business enterprises accountable for human rights abuses. The draft LBI establishes the “effective access to justice and remedy to victims of human rights violations in the context of business activities” as one of its main purposes. However, the OP addresses enforcement mostly through national implementation mechanisms and an international committee of experts, both of which have weak oversight and monitoring powers.

Seguir leyendo

Hacia una Convención Internacional sobre Empresas y Derechos Humanos

Carlos López Hurtado*

Publicado originalmente en inglés en Opinio Juris. [i] [ii]

El proyecto “zero” de uno de los tratados internacionales de derechos humanos más importantes de los últimos años, un instrumento sobre las empresas y los derechos humanos, acaba de ser presentado en Ginebra por el Embajador de Ecuador en calidad de Presidente del proceso. El “borrador cero” se enfoca fuertemente en la cuestión clave del acceso a la justicia y la reparación para aquellos que alegan daño por parte de una empresa comercial y es probable que complazca a muchos y disguste a otros, pero seguramente contribuirá a un cambio de tono y carácter de las deliberaciones que hasta ahora se han centrado principalmente en consideraciones políticas y de procedimiento. En este artículo llevamos a cabo un análisis preliminar de los elementos principales del borrador del tratado.

Seguir leyendo

De Sepur Zarco a El Mozote: en búsqueda de la justicia con sentido de mujer

Leonor Arteaga*

Publicado originalmente en El Faro.

Todas somos Sepur Zarco, repetía una frase de la Alianza rompiendo el Silencio y la Impunidad, simbolizando así la solidaridad con las mujeres que vivieron repetidos abusos, trabajos forzados y violaciones sexuales que tomaron forma de esclavitud, en la base militar del mismo nombre, que operó entre 1982 y 1986, en el marco del conflicto armado en Guatemala. Todas ellas fueron abusadas mientras sus maridos, que reclamaban la tierra, habían sido desaparecidos, detenidos o asesinados. Seguir leyendo

La elección del titular de la Comisión Estatal de Derechos Humanos en Jalisco, 2017-2022: Una oportunidad fallida

César Octavio Pérez Verónica

ddhhh jalisco

En el 2007, la LXIII Legislatura del Estado de Jalisco, eligió como nuevo presidente de la Comisión Estatal de Derechos Humanos en Jalisco (Cedhj) a Felipe de Jesús Álvarez Cibrián (2007-2012). Fue un proceso polémico, particularmente por no tener ningún antecedente o mérito como defensor de derechos humanos a diferencia de algunos/as aspirantes con perfiles idóneos para el cargo y cuyas trayectorias eran públicamente reconocidas.

Seguir leyendo